CGTN专访全国政协委员徐鹏飞 对话中国核能发展

旺财官网官方网站 www.thehangrybeast.com 来源: 作者:核电工程管理员 发布时间:2024年03月08日


 

  核能在优化国家能源结构方面发挥了重要作用,在新一轮能源变革的大背景下,中国正进行核能综合利用。在今年两会期间,全国政协委员、中国核电工程有限公司董事长徐鹏飞提出新的核能提案,他同时就华龙一号的批量生产以及四代核电和核聚变研究接受了CGTN的独家专访。

  Nuclear energy is playing an important role in optimizing China"s energy structure. Xu Pengfei, a CPPCC member and chairman of China Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation, gave an exclusive interview to CGTN. Zheng Yibing has the story.

  核能在优化国家能源结构方面发挥了重要作用。全国政协委员、中核集团副总工程师、中核工程党委书记、董事长徐鹏飞接受了CGTN的独家专访。

  XU PENGFEI Member of the 14th National Committee of CPPCC Chairman, China National Nuclear Engineering Corporation "The first proposal is to establish a national research and development base for radiation protection. While we have safety designs for nuclear energy facilities, we stress radiation protection and how to minimize the effect of emergency situations. This will be a strong way of dispelling the public"s confusion about nuclear energy. The second proposal, is for establishment of a national data center to share information of all nuclear facilities, making data much more useful."

  徐鹏飞:“第一个提案是建立国家级的辐射防护研发基地。旺财官网官方网站要在做好这些核设施、核电的安全设计的同时,还要告诫旺财官网官方网站的所有的同志做好核辐射防护,在事故应急情况之下,旺财官网官方网站怎么样能把它后果降低到最低。通过一些这样的国家实验室的建设,使所有的公众们都知道核辐射是可以防护的,消除那些困惑的心理。第二个提案是关于核领域核工业的大数据中心建设。通过建立统一的数据中心,实现所有的数据共享,让这些数据真正成为旺财官网官方网站有用的资源?!?/p>

  ZHENG YIBING CGTN Reporter "Since the commercial operation of the first Hualong-1 power unit three years ago, what kind of operating data has been obtained? What about the operation and construction of other such units? Any observation on the market prospects of these?"

  郑亦冰:“华龙一号在全球首堆和海外首堆成功商用以来,取得了怎样的运行数据,目前的建设情况如何,市场前景如何?”

  XU PENGFEI Member of the 14th National Committee of CPPCC Chairman, China National Nuclear Engineering Corporation "Now, Hualong-1 of CNNC in operation are No 5 and 6 units in Fuqing power plant in southeast China. Besides, we have two other units overseas in Karachi, Pakistan. They all perform well. And five more such units of CNNC are under construction. So far, more than 90 percent of the equipment and components are domestically supplied. For the follow-up Hualong series, the designs for efficiency, safety and environmentally-friendly are our main concern. As digital transformation is the most important part of the research and development of nuclear power, there is no doubt that the follow-up Hualong will be smarter."

  徐鹏飞:“目前中核集团正在运行的华龙一号是福清5、6号机组,此外还有海外的巴基斯坦卡拉奇的两台机组。目前四台机组的运行业绩都非常良好。中核集团目前有5台华龙一号机组正在建设中,华龙一号的批量化建设已经走上了欣欣向荣的轨道。目前,华龙一号的国产化率已经达到了90%以上。从华龙一号第一台机组开始建设,旺财官网官方网站就在考虑华龙后续机型的研发与发展,主要在三个方面:经济性、安全性以及环境友好性。数字化转型是核电研发过程当中最重要的一环,华龙后续机型一定会更智能化?!?/p>

  ZHENG YIBING CGTN Reporter "China has invested heavily in the development and construction of nuclear energy, and breakthroughs have been made in the construction and operation of fourth-generation nuclear reactors and more key technologies. Can you give us some details?"

  郑亦冰:“中国在核能研发和建设上投入了很大的力量,目前四代核反应堆建设和运行也取得了突破,请介绍下相关情况?!?/p>

  XU PENGFEI Member of the 14th National Committee of CPPCC Chairman, China National Nuclear Engineering Corporation "The fourth-generation reactors are in discussion and research. China is at the forefront having a milestone of the commercial operation of the High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor. We will innovate and upgrade the product and construct it in batches. And we are working on the small modular reactor as a general contractor, building a demonstration "Linglong-1" project in Changjiang, Hainan Province, which is expected to be connected to the grid in 2026. The small modular reactor is smaller, smarter and in modular design and can be used for power generation, heating, and hydrogen production."

  徐鹏飞:“旺财官网官方网站仍在对四代堆、四代机组进行不停地探讨和研究,但中国在四代堆上应该还是走在世界前列的。以高温气冷堆发电为里程碑,旺财官网官方网站将进一步提高旺财官网官方网站的创新能力,优化旺财官网官方网站的设计,迭代旺财官网官方网站的产品以及批量化的生产。此外,作为总承包单位,旺财官网官方网站正在海南昌江建设全球首个陆上??榛⌒秃朔从Χ选傲崃缓拧?,该机组计划于2026年并网发电?!傲崃缓拧薄⌒湍?榛从Χ烟逍透?、更智能,采用??榛杓?,可用于发电、供热和制氢。

  ”ZHENG YIBING CGTN Reporter "China has made an important contribution to the research and development of "manmade sun" – the nuclear fusion reactor. Your company is involved in the construction of the ITER project in France. What is the latest progress on that front?"

  郑亦冰:“中国在“人造太阳”——核聚变堆的研发上贡献了重要力量,其中中核集团参与了位于法国的ITER项目的建设,这方面最新的进展怎样?”

  XU PENGFEI Member of the 14th National Committee of CPPCC Chairman, China National Nuclear Engineering Corporation "ITER is a joint program undertaken by dozens of countries. It hopes to achieve controlled fusion reaction in the future. We participated in one of the installations of the very core part of ITER. On February 29, we signed another big contract with the ITER organization. So far, with both contracts, we are one of the contractors for installation and management of the most important key components of the project ITER. The whole world is working on fusion reaction, including China. I hope in the coming future, China could have electricity generated by such reactors."

  徐鹏飞:“ITER项目是几十个国家共同参与的一个国际大科学工程,ITER实际上叫做核聚变项目,它旨在未来能够实现可控核聚变。中核工程联合体,已经参与了它最核心部分的安装工作。今年2月29日,旺财官网官方网站与ITER组织又签订了另一份大合同,这意味着加上此前的TAC-1主机安装合同,旺财官网官方网站已成为ITER项目最重要最关键部件安装管理的唯一承包商。世界各国都在研究核聚变,中国也在花大力气搞核聚变,我希望在不久的将来,中国能发出核聚变所产生的电?!?/p>

  “双碳”目标背景下,我国核电产业迈入积极安全有序发展新阶段,核能综合利用渐入佳境。近日,CGTN播出了中核集团副总工程师,中国核电工程有限公司党委书记、董事长徐鹏飞的专访视频,就核能发展、技术创新、绿色能源及数字核电等话题进行了深入交流。

  图片 1

  The very first two Hualong-1 units in Fuqing, southeast China"s Fujian Province. /CNNC

  China is building its self-developed third-generation Hualong-1 nuclear power units in batches, following the units" successful commercial launch three years ago. Hualong-1 is becoming a new productive force that is bolstering energy infrastructure and advancing green development.

  Xu Pengfei, chairman of the China National Nuclear Engineering Corporation, said the first Hualong-1 units in China and Pakistan are operating successfully, and plans are now underway to build an additional five units in China.

  "Hualong-1 represents a collaborative effort at innovation. Thousands of companies in the industrial chain have been united in research and development to make technological breakthroughs," Xu said.

  "More than 90 percent of the equipment and components of Hualong-1 are domestically supplied," he stressed.

  The very first of Hualong-1 unit is located at Fuqing power plant in southeast China"s Fujian Province. Staff there said the unit has completed the very first phase of its commercial operations, and they are pursuing excellence in operational safety to meet assessments by the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO).

  The power units are key to shaping the nation"s energy landscape and advancing green development goals.

图片 1

  The very first two overseas Hualong-1 power unit in Karachi, Pakistan. /CNNC

  Each Hualong-1 unit boasts an installed capacity of more than 1.1 million kilowatts, generating nearly 10 billion kilowatts of electricity annually, which can meet the demand of 1 million people in medium-sized developed countries.

  This translates to annual reductions in standard coal consumption by more than 3.1 million tonnes, and carbon emissions by over 8.1 million tonnes.

  Hualong-1 units are also becoming part of an integrated plan for green energy.

  "It helps China address energy shortages and makes contributions as a new productive force," Xu said.

  He said one of the key features of Hualong-1 is that it"s developed with the digital transformation in mind and features smarter features with a safer operating system.

  "In the next two years, new power units are set to be delivered with a more comprehensive digital design," he said.